Family: Euphorbiaceae. [English title not available]. http://plants.usda.gov, USDA-NRCS, 2015. PAC Occasional Paper - Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No. Rev. Two species, J. afrocurcas and J. macrophylla, are of East African origin, whereas all the other species in this section are native to the Americas. ex Lanj.. Curcas purgans Medik.. Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax. (1987) observed two flowering peaks in Thailand, in November and May, whereas in permanently humid equatorial regions flowering occurs throughout the year. Soon after development of the first true leaves, the cotyledons wither and fall off. Euphytica, 156(3):375-386. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=102881, Ben Salem B, Palmberg, 1985. In: Flora of China Web, [ed. 1. Common name; English: ... Media in category "Jatropha curcas" The following 183 files are in this category, out of 183 total. Botanochemicals: Supplements to petro-chemicals. curcas is a diploid species with 2n = 22 chromosomes (Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003). A preliminary pharmacognostical study of ten Nigerian plants. Jatropha curcas - PourghFre. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 33(2):303-304, Anny Mulyani, Agus F, Allelorung D, 2006. Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Curcas" Type-Protologue Locality: 'America calidiore' Type Specimens 43 (1), 21-38. USDA-ARS (2015) notes a native range of Mexico, Central America and northern South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru and Paraguay) excluding the Caribbean. University Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Mohommad Arif, Susheel Sharma, Das SC, 2007. Bot., 35(4):369-382, Wani SP, Osman M, D'Silva E, Sreedevi TK, 2006. [English title not available]. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review, 8(2):11-29. http://www.ris.org.in/, Weiss E, 1989. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Jatropha seed oils for energy. Invasive weed risk assessment of three potential bioenergy fuel species. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Hydrocarbon producing and rubber producing crops: Evaluation of United States plant species. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. Flower visitors include bees and flies which affect geitonogamy and xenogamy, and ants and thrips which affect only geitonogamy. New York, USA: Wiley, I3N-Brasil, 2015. Curcas indica A.Rich; Curcas lobata Splitg. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Online Database. In: Invasive species threats in the Caribbean region. Indian Phytopathology, 28(4):546, PIER, 2008. New Delhi, India: Publication and Information Directorate, CSIR, Sauerwein M, Sporer F, Wink M, 1993. : J. wightiana), J. hintonii, J. bartlettii, J. mcvaughii and J. yucatanensis. Physic nut is a drought resistant shrub or small tree with a gray bark that grows up to 20' tall (under favorable conditions) with spreading branches. Flowers give way to green seed pods, each with 2-3 oily black seeds. Invasiveness risk of biofuel crops using Jatropha curcas L. as a model species. 111 DAS Jatropha curcas x integerrima (4635603714).jpg 652 × 1,024; 732 KB. (RTflexions sur les cultures olTagineuses TnergTtiques. Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav. Indian Acad. IMPORTANT NOTE: Plant Uses are for informational purposes only. In Burkina Faso, Negussie et al. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Res. Ultramar. Corografia Cabo-Verdiana ou Descripcao Geographico -Historica da Provincia das Ilhas de Cabo-Verde e Guine. 52 Physic nut. Melbourne, Australia: Invasive Species Council, 46 pp. Curcas ; Common Name: Barbados nut, physic nut Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss. In the West Indies, J. curcas appears in herbarium collection made in 1865 in Trinidad and Tobago, 1881 in Dominica, 1885 in Puerto Rico and 1893 in Guadeloupe (US National Herbarium). http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/Kairo%20et%20al,%202003.pdf, Kar AK, Ashok Das, 1988. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2015. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Characteristics of physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. as a new biomass crop in the tropics. Jatropha. Freitas (1906), notes that it was already known in Cape Verde several years prior to 1810. The genus Jatropha in America: principal intrageneric groups. Ltd, Kumar RV, Tripathi YK, Yadav VP, Ahlawat SP, Gupta VK, 2005. World Agroforestry Centre. Major medicinal plants. Curcas purgans Medik. Leaves are alternates, 8 to 15cm, broadly ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 lobed, petioles around 5 to 15 cm. Cakes remaining after pressing can be further used for producing biogas and fertilizers. UniversitT de Paris, FacultT de Pharmacie, Paris, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Curcas (Adans.) http://plants.usda.gov/, USDA-NRCS, 2015. It burns with clear smoke-free flame, tested successfully as fuel for simple diesel engine. Flora of China Web. The flora of Guam. Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England. Genus: Jatropha L. Jatropha curcas L. This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. Flora of Guatemala. Darwin, Australia: Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Northern Territory of Australia, PROTA, 2015. jatropha; Other Scientific Names. Mathematical-Natural Scientific Faculty, University Hamburg, Wiggins IL, Porter DM, 1971. In: Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. PhD. The oil extracted from the seeds of Jatropha is known as Biodiesel. The by-products are press … 2:12, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Tolerates drought. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Most of these are native to the Americas, with 66 species found in the Old World. A Purgueira e o seu oleo. It can be cultivate in stony, gradient sandy oil and in the land of tiny deepness. Twigs are cooked and eaten when young, and used for cleaning teeth when mature. Some of the popular common names for barbados are barbados, bedbugs, large purge nut, black vomit nut, tangy brazil nut, bubble bush, cuban physical nut, curcas bean, fig nut, physical nut, pork nut, poison nut, purge pine nut, Indian pine nut, nut purge, wild castor and … Large living germplasm collections are known to have been established in several countries, and trials have been undertaken to select provenances with a higher fruit and oil yield. They postulated the physic nut (Jatropha curcas L. [sect. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Jatropha curcas toxicity: identification of toxic principle(s). Handbook 449. 273 pp. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. Manufacturers of Jatropha Crop,It's the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37%. The genus comprises about 180 species, most of them in warm temperate and subtropical regions and the seasonally dry tropics.Dehgan and Webster (1979) revised the subdivision made by Pax (1910) and now distinguish two subgenera (Curcas and Jatropha) of the genus Jatropha, with 10 sections and 10 subsections to accommodate the Old and New World species. Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. PAC Occasional Paper - Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No. This was photographed at Village Chowk, Panvel. Another scutellarid, Agonosoma trilineatum is also a serious problem from seed-feeding, and red pumpkin beetles (Aulacophora foveicollis) are also found to infest the leaves (Sharma, 2006). These three species can be distinguished by the following differences: Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. A review article. ; 13 ref, Agriculture Handbook 165, 1960. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Fusariummoniliforme [Gibberella fujikuroi] has been reported as causing root rot of J. curcas in India (Sharma et al., 2001). Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) cultivation as an alternative crop for the northeast semi-arid of Brazil. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of India., Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers. 1006 1753. Population dynamics of true bugs (Heteroptera) in physic nut (Jatropha curcas) plantations in Nicaragua. The rapid spread of J. curcas in natural forests is a problem in many areas through damaging the natural flora. J. curcas has been deliberately introduced into many areas as a crop plant and this has been the principle means of long-distance dispersal. I3N-Brasil, 2015. ex Lanj. Negussie et al. II, 1987 Fruit development needs 90 days from flowering to seed maturation. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. Molluscicidal activity of some indigenous plants. Flowers greenish yellow. Dissertation. (Philippines), 6(2):30-34, Agharkar SP, 1991. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Jatropha condor Benth.. Jatropha edulis Sessé. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf. Yellow green flowers bloom in spring. Foto n. 119316 - médicinier (Jatropha curcas) Leaves and fruit at Kahikinui, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Bot., 18(4):329-341, Phillips S, 1975. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Serra M C P, 1950. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35(1):74-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09619534, Goswami A, 2006. Economic Botany, 32:131-145, Budowski G, 1987. In extensive areas, infestations should be fenced off to prevent grazing and to limit the movement of contaminated vehicles and stock. Jatropha curcas L. Accepted Name Physic nut Plantae ... Common Names. J. curcas is a shrub or treelet, 2-5 m tall, with watery latex; bark smooth; branches glaucous-gray, glabrous, sparsely lenticellate, pith larger. Cotton Res. (Plant Sci. Online Database, Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Instituto de Agronomia e Veterinaria, Lisboa, Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander SN, 2007. The closest relatives of J. curcas from karyotypes were J. multifida and J. gossypifolia, which were also noted as very similar morphologically (Soontornchainaksaeng and Jenjittikul, 2003). Guam: University of Guam. There is a possibility of further introduction and cultivation as a fuel crop. Rev. It can also be reproduced artificially via cuttings and tissue culture.Physiology and PhenologySukarin et al. Native Habitat: It's cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world.Full sun, well drained Soils but grows on almost any soil, such as sandy-saline. Agnote No. Each square mile of plants can reportedly produce 2,000 barrels of oil per year. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Typ. Its increasing infestation in pasture lands, forests, and National Parks is becoming a potential threat to existing biodiversity. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. by Flora of China Editorial Committee]. Jatropha curcas (jatropha); mature and old fruits. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 169-178, Burkill IH, 1966. 27. Inter and intra-population variability of Jatropha curcas (L.) characterized by RAPD and ISSR markers and development of population-specific SCAR markers. New plant sources for food and industry in India. After introduction into Asian countries, J. curcas has spread very rapidly, and due to its ethnobotanical uses, promotion as an ornamental and hedge plant encouraged its further spread. Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008. Prospects of cultivation of medicinal plants in Chhattisgarh, India. Structure and development of seeds in Euphorbiaceae, Jatropha species. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp, Gordon DR, Tancig KJ, Onderdonk DA, Gantz CA, 2011. Pandey et al. Spore, 16:1-3. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Biological Invasions. Stanford, USA: Stanford University Press, Wilbur RL, 1954. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Wani et al. Purging nut is a member of the spurge family and closely related to castor oil plant (Ricinus communis).Genus name from the Greek words iatros meaning physician and trophe meaning food in reference to the edible seed (in very small quantities) of some species. A number of pests and diseases have been reported (see Heller, 1996), although in most countries they do not severely affect the plant. http://plants.usda.gov/, Wang SC, Huffman JB, 1981. USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Vitexin and isovitexin, stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol from leaves have been identified as allelochemicals that are considered to be responsible for the harmful effects of J. curcas on neighbouring plants (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1991), and harmful allelopathic effects on germination and seedling vigour of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), rice, chickpeas and lentils have been reported (Oudhia, 2000). OlTagineux, 39(5):283-287, Mathur HH, 1986. Jatropha Curcas or Ratanjot, Van Erand, Moghal Erand offers great hope of being developed as a rich source of Biodiesel. Stipules small; petioles 6-18 cm; leaf blade rotund to ovate, 7-18 × 6-16 cm, papery, nitid green and glabrous adaxially, gray-green and along nerves puberulent to glabrous abaxially, base cordate, apex acute; palmate veins 5-7. Heller J, 1996. The flora of Guam. Insect pests on bio-diesel plant, Jatropha curcas. Allelopathic studies conducted to evaluate the effects of different parts of J. curcas on germination and seedling vigour of different medicinal herbs revealed that J. curcas can damage the biodiversity of Chhattisgarh, India. Pestalotiopsis stem canker of Jatropha curcas. New Delhi, India: Publication and Information Directorate, Regupathy A, Ayyasamy R, 2006. Plants will self-seed and have the potential to spread. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 74, Droit S, 1932. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Cabral A Lemos de, 1964. Studies on the control of snail vectors of fosciolasis. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Grimm and Somarriba (1999) reared L. zonatus on a diet consisting of unripe J. curcas fruit only and concluded that J. curcas was a highly suitable food plant which can maintain populations of this insect pest throughout the year. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Yuncker TG, 1959. J. curcas is thought to be native to tropical America but its exact origin is still uncertain. Workshop Petrocrops. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. Effect of green manure on rice production. 46, Cabral A, 1991. Flora of the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 10(3):284-286, Sherchan DP, Thapa YB, Khadka RJ, Tiwari TP, 1989. Insect pests of Jatropha curcas L. and the potential for their management. USA, USDA-ARS, 2008. Diploma thesis. Jatropha curcas oil: a substitute for diesel engine oil. Jatropha curcas Name Synonyms Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav. Darwin, Australia: Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Northern Territory of Australia, Dehgan B, Schutzman B, 1994. A new record of Pestalotiopsis versicolor on the leaves of Jatropha curcas. Indian Phytopathology, 41(3):505, Katwal RPS, Soni PL, 2003. Common Names. The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp. Insect-toxicity of phorbol esters from Jatropha curcas seed oil. Flora of Bhutan including a Record of Plants from Sikkim., 1 (3) Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden. Curcas lobata Splitg. The Plants Database includes the following 14 species of Jatropha . Species Jatropha curcas L. – Barbados nut P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Springfield, I, USA: C.C. Its usefulness has been challenged, but it is true the plant can produce seeds with an oil content of 37%. New Crops for Food and Industry. Stanford, USA: Stanford University Press, Wiggins IL, Porter DM, 1971. Chivandi E, Kachigunda B, Fushai F, 2005. Jatropha curcas L.. subg. Projet PourghFre DNHE - GTZ, Bamako, Mali, Holm LG, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL, 1979. Jodhpur, India: Scientific Publishers, Chelmicki JCC de, Varnhagen FA de, 1841. Jatropha curcas L. Econ. It is very profitable crop. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Ernteprodukt, Verwendungsalternativen, wirtschaftliche _berlegungen. The life-cycle of P. klugii was studied by Grimm and Somarriba (1998), who described this species as a key pest of J. curcas in Nicaragua. ... Common Names. [ed. Tome II Connaracees a Euphorbiacees. Plants of Tonga. Das Pflanzenreich IV, Leipzig, Germany: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 147(42):1-148, Persinos GJ, Quimby MW, Schermerhorn JW, 1964. Its usefulness has been challenged, but it is true the plant can produce seeds with an oil content of 37%. University of California Publications in Botany, Vol. J. curcas has been deliberately introduced into many countries for ornamental or medicinal purposes, or for exploitation of the oil as a fuel for lighting. Version 1.1. (2005), including Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus spp. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. Berhaut J, 1975. Inflorescences axillary, 6-10 cm; bracts lanceolate, 4-8 mm. II (1970-79). Bur. Tropicos database. Thomas, Negussie A, Achten WMJ, Aerts R, Norgrove L, Sinkala T, Hermy M, Muys B, 2013. Negussie et al. Fungi recorded on Jatropha curcas L. seed collected in India. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden, Grimm C, Fnhrer E, 1998. New Delhi, India: Ajay Book Service, Linnaeus C, 1753. In Zambia, primary seed dispersal of J. curcas was limited: rodents and shrews dispersed and predated seeds and fruits, but none of the seeds repositioned in their burrows could establish (Negussie et al., 2013a). Seeds are inedible, but contain oil that may be used to make candles, soap and biofuel. Diploma thesis, University Veracruz, Xalapa Enriquez, Veracruz, Mexico, Arruda FPde, Beltrão NEde M, Andrade APde, Pereira WE, Severino LS, 2004. In India, J. curcas is devastated by the scutellarid Scutellera nobilis [S. perplexa], which is an emerging problem that causes flower fall, fruit abortion and seed malformation. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Indian Forester, 129(8):939-949, Kiefer J, 1986. In Chhattisgarh, India, hand weeding is common practice for the control of J. curcas (Oudhia and Tripathi, 2002). Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific Islands (SPREP member countries). Oily seeds are used to make a variety of products ranging from candles to biofuel to fertilizers. 1753. Vegetative growth occurs mainly in the rainy season, with little increment in the dry season, and like many other Jatropha species, J. curcas is a succulent that sheds its leaves during the dry season.Environmental Requirements Gouvrenement du Senegal, Ministrere du Development Rural et del' Hyraulique, Direction des Eaux et forets, Dakar, Bhasabutra R, Sutiponpeibun S, 1982. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USA, USDA-NRCS, 2008. GCB Bioenergy, 5(4):419-430. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1757-1707, Negussie A, Achten WMJ, Norgrove L, Hermy M, Muys B, 2013. Research on Crops, 1(1):116-118; 6 ref, Oudhia P, Tripathi RS, 2002. A number of risk assessments for invasiveness have given J. curcas a high risk of becoming invasive (Gordon et al., 2011; Negussie et al., 2013a), although field studies have not always found actual evidence of spread or environmental impact (Negussie et al., 2015). Euphorbiaceae-Jatropheae. Jatropha afrocurcas Pax Quart., 20(4):302-303, Swarbrick JT, 1997. Implementation of contour vegetation barriers under farmer conditions in Burkina Faso and Mali. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, +kologie, Anbau. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. Fachlicher Zwischenbericht zum Projekt: Produktion und Nutzung von Pflanzen÷l als Kraftstoff. Current distribution confirms that introduction has been most successful in similar dry regions of the tropics with an average annual rainfall of between 300 and 1000 mm, though will tolerate higher rainfall areas up to 2000 mm with extended dry seasons, and it has reported survived years without any rainfall in Cape Verde (Münch, 1986).
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